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The Beauty of Cashmere
Cashmere is the finer, longer and softer undercoat that goats shed once per year.
The fibers that make up cashmere come from goat hair, which is then combed into a luxurious fabric by hand. It's made from the wool of goats—it's not machine-produced like many other kinds of clothing.
Before a goat can be sheared, it must first be combed to separate the coarse outer coat from the fine undercoat.
The process of combing is a time-consuming one. It takes several hours to remove the coarse outer coat, and then it must be sheared before being sold. This process can be done by hand or with an electric shear machine that cuts through the coarse outer hair while leaving behind more expensive fibers (the undercoat).
The undercoat is then spun into yarns, which are dyed in different colors depending on what type of fiber they're made from: cashmere comes from either Kashmir goats or China Merinos, while silk comes from China Silkworms.
Cashmere comes in many different grades, based mainly on its quality and fiber length.
The origins of cashmere can be traced back to the nomads who lived in the Himalayas, where they wore it as a type of undergarment. Over time, it became an important trade item and was sold throughout Asia.
Today, cashmere is still produced in many countries around the world but there are two main grades: fine or common. The former refers to its fineness; it has fewer fibers per inch than common cashmere which means that there will be greater shrinkage after washing if you choose this type as your material (this also means that you'll need more fabric). Common grade tends to be less expensive than fine grade because it's easier to work with and doesn't require as many steps during the production process such as spinning into yarns before weaving into fabrics like sweaters etcetera...
The finest fibers can measure between 15-19 microns in diameter (1 micron = 1/1000 of a millimeter).
The finest fibres can measure between 15-19 microns in diameter (1 micro-meter = 1/1000 of a millimetre). This is about 5,000 times finer than human hair, which has an average diameter of around 100 microns.
When woven into fabric, cashmere’s quality is measured by how many threads or ‘picks’ are used to make up one inch.
When woven into fabric, cashmere’s quality is measured by how many threads or ‘picks’ are used to make up one inch. The number of picks per inch is determined by the quality of the cashmere and the quality of the yarn used in weaving.
The longer the fiber, the more picks per inch. This makes it harder to work with than shorter fibers because you can't see what's happening as easily when you're spinning or knitting with shorter lengths.
The world’s best cashmere comes from Pashmina goats, which live at high altitudes of 12-14,000 feet above sea level in mountainous regions of Central Asia including Tibet, India and China.
Pashmina goats are also known as Pashmakai (or pashmaki) goats due to their distinctive coat color: they have white fur on their backs with black stripes down each side and around their neck area; this gives them their characteristic look – hence why we call them “pashmaks".
Cashmere is one of the finest wool fibers in the world, but it has a lot of challenges around how it is produced
Cashmere is a by-product of the goat industry and comes from their hair follicles. This means that there's no need for farmers to kill any live goats or sheep before processing them into cashmere; instead, they are simply plucked out of their living quarters and taken to a factory where they are combed over until they've been stripped down to nothing but their protein-rich outer layer (this process can take up to 3 days!). Once this has been achieved, it's then spun into yarns by hand—sometimes even using primitive techniques such as beating with sticks!
Cashmere is a very special fiber and it is only produced by goats. This makes it very difficult to produce cashmere on a large scale. The best cashmere comes from Inner Mongolia in China where there are over 100,000 goats raised for this purpose alone!